APA Citation Style

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th edition

Journal Article: where the page numbering continues from issue to issue
Dubeck, L. (1990). Science fiction aids science teaching. Physics Teacher, 28, 316-318.

Journal or Magazine Article: that start each issue with page one (for magazine articles, include the month and day -see below)
Wilcox, R. V. (1991). Shifting roles and synthetic women in Star trek: The next generation. Studies in Popular Culture, 13(2), 53-65.


Magazine or Journal Article from a Database:
(for journal articles, do not include the month -see above)
Mershon, D. H. (1998, November/December). Star trek on the brain: Alien minds, human minds. American Scientist, 86(6), 585. Retrieved
July 29, 1999, from Expanded Academic ASAP database.


Newspaper Article:
Di Rado, A. (1995, March 15). Trekking through college: Classes explore modern society using the world of Star trek. Los Angeles Times, p. A3.


Okuda, M., & Okuda, D. (1993). Star trek chronology: The history of the future. New York: Pocket Books.

Book Article or Chapter:
James, N. E. (1988). Two sides of paradise: The Eden myth according to Kirk and Spock. In D. Palumbo (Ed.), Spectrum of the fantastic (pp. 219-223). Westport, CT: Greenwood .

Encyclopedia Article:
Sturgeon, T. (1995). Science fiction. In The encyclopedia Americana (Vol. 24, pp. 390-392). Danbury, CT: Grolier.


ERIC Document:
F uss-Reineck, M.(1993). Sibling communication in Star trek: The next generation: Conflicts between brothers. Miami, FL: Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 364932)


Lynch, T. (1996). DS9 trials and tribble-ations review. Retrieved October 8, 1997, from Psi Phi: Bradley's Science Fiction Club Web site: http://www.bradley.edu/campusorg/psiphi/DS9/ep/ 503r.html


If you are using the style for Copy Manuscripts, doublespace all lines. If you are using the style for Final
, singlespace all lines and skip a line in between each reference. Ask your professor which style
to follow.
Arrange the items on your reference list alphabetically by author, interfiling books, articles, etc.
Indent the second and following lines 5 to 7 spaces or one half inch.
Use only the initials of the authors' first (and middle) names.
If no author is given, start with the title and then the date.
Article titles and book titles: capitalize only the first word of the title and subtitle. (Capitalize all significant
words of periodical titles.)
If you are using a typewriter that cannot produce italics, then use underlining instead.
Magazine articles: include the month (and day) as shown under "Magazine Article from a Database" and
Websites: if the date the page was created is not given, use (n.d.).
The rules concerning a title within a title are not displayed here for purposes of clarity. See the printed
version of the manual for details.
Our website also has guide to APA citation style that's tailored for business sources.
A little bit of additional information is available on the official website, APA Style.org.
For documents and situations not listed here, see the printed version of the manual.